Given that the International Air Transport Association has predicted in recent weeks that China will overtake the United States as the world`s largest air transport market in 2022, two years ahead of last year`s forecast, the importance of the Chinese air market to U.S. aviation interests is in doubt. The DOT also agreed to increase the number of flights in a reciprocal manner if “Chinese aviation authorities adapt their policy to improve the situation.” At the time of the agreement, it was planned to continue the negotiations, which were to begin in 2006, which resulted in a new agreement in 2007.  The year 2019 offers China and the United States the opportunity to sign an open skies agreement. This would first remove restrictions on flights between countries – important given that both nations have saturated primary traffic rights and there have been fruitless negotiations on extending the allowance. U.S. airlines must agree with their unions, which are expected to be concerned that U.S. airlines will be transferred to their cheaper Chinese partners as part of a joint venture. In the Delta-Virgin-GU, for example, there are provisions that protect a certain amount of delta metal. There are bilateral agreements that govern aviation rights between the United States and China and cover both human and cargo services. The United States has liberal air transport agreements with many countries, but not with China, Japan, South Africa and some South American countries.
 However, there is no “open skies” agreement between China and the United States, which generally deals with an agreement that allows unlimited flights between countries. The current treaty between the United States and China defines the number of flights allowed. The application process is competitive due to the highly regulated nature of the allocation of line powers between the two countries and the strict limitation of the number of flights. U.S. airlines have tried to win the support of local politicians and the general public to influence the U.S. government in the allocation of routes.  As reported by Bloomberg, the agreement is seen as a significant positive step in China`s hopes of exporting commercial aircraft to the world. China also hopes to help U.S. aerospace companies strengthen their position in the ever-expanding Chinese market. Under China`s agreement to allow a total of four U.S.
flights, Delta announced that it would fly to Shanghai from Seattle next week and, starting in July, once a week from Seattle and Detroit via Seoul. The bilateral air services agreement between the United States and China provides, under normal circumstances, 100 weekly flights between the two countries. Although the demand could not justify such a volume of operation for the foreseeable future, the new decision led the two airlines to approach them in order to exercise their respective rights. However, continued expansion into the Chinese market is limited by the absence of an “open skies” agreement between the two superpowers, strict restrictions on Chinese airspace and capacity constraints in popular destinations such as Beijing and Shanghai.